Nigeria has so many antecedents and precolonial realms. Before the modern era, Nigeria was divided into several ethnic groups, such as Yoruba, Nri (Igbo), Benin, Hausa, and Nupe. But the one that catches my attention is the Kingdom of Nri (also known as Igbo). The political Nri kingdom existed from 948 to 1911, when British troops forced them to end their political power. But cultures still exist in the country of Nigeria. Nri had many cultures and great leaders. The Nri Kingdom was located in the West Africa region; now it is the region of Nigeria.
The formation of the Nri Kingdom dates back to the ninth century by the founder of Nri and Igbo; people became the center of Igbo cultures. After the death of the founder, at the end of the Eri period, the first king of the Nri period, ikfikuánim, began his reign in 1043. The capital, Nri, was Igbo-Ukwu. His official language was Igbo. Nri’s main religion was Odinani. Odinani aims to understand his world (called “Uwa”) and has gods (called “Chukwu”). He had a regime of elective monarchy. Nri had Manillas as money. The handles are bronze, copper or sometimes gold bracelets.
The kingdom of Nri was a theocratic state. The Eze Nri was a rule endowed with mystical powers. Eze Nri had no military power, so, in common sense, Eze Nri was like a leader instead of a king. By changing position, Eze Nri was chosen by a group of people who observed the man with supernatural power. Eze Nri was quoted as a divine ruler. The spiritual and political power of Nri was called Ikenga. The first Eze Nri (the founder in the Eri period) was Eze Eri.
The kingdom of Nri had a good economy until the sixteenth century. Unlike other African countries, Nri did not have the slave trade. So it was said that Nri was the heavenly place for escaped slaves. Nri also had a great commercial connection, internal or external. Nri has also gained wealth through hunting and farming.
The kingdom of Nri had many important cultural points. For the arts, Nri was famous for her bronze. Nri’s bronze sculpture often used natural aspects as a model. Unlike others, the Nri bronze sculpture has focused on natural details and has not added additional details. The bronze sculpture of Nri is also purer than other artistic sculptures of neighboring kingdoms, such as Ife and Benin. For religion, the inhabitants of Nri believed that the world was made up of Chineke (the creator). Nri’s oral tradition also indicates that fertility comes from the blessing of the rule. Nri also had exciting traditions, such as scarification. A selected man will have a wave scar on his forehead. This tradition stems from the myth of Nri.
The most interesting and successful point of Nri’s kingdom was that he did not use military force. Nri was the real kingdom of peace with a great administration. The king sent converts to other colonies to enlarge the kingdom. But in the 19th century, British troops penetrated the kingdom and forced them to give up their Ikenga or their ritual and political power. But the “kingdom” still exists in the country of Nigeria.
Nri influence in Igboland may go back as far as the 9th century, and royal burials have been unearthed dating to at least the 10th century.The oral tradition plays a role in the evidence of the Kingdom of Nri.