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The Legend of Bayajidda (mythology)

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“Bayajidda’ (Hausa: Bàyā̀jiddà) is the eponymous ancestor of the Hausa people of Nigeria and Niger.

Most accounts say that Bayajidda came from Baghdad, traveled across the Sahara, and arrived in the Kanem-Bornu Empire, where he married a local princess. Tensions with her father, the king, forced him to flee; leaving his wife in Hadejia now Garin-Gabas in Malam-Madori Local Government Area, where she delivered his first son, he made his way to Gaya, where he had the local blacksmiths forge him a knife. With this knife and his sword, Bayajidda proceeded to the final point on his journey, the city of Daura, where he slew a serpent that had been terrorizing the townspeople.

In gratitude for this heroic deed Magajiva Daurama, the queen, married him. He had one child, Bawo, with Daurama, and Bawo’s own children are said to have gone on – together with a child of his first wife – to found the seven Hausa states. While some scholars believe that Bayajidda was a historical figure, others hold the view that he did not actually exist, but is instead a personification of a group of immigrant people from a more or less distant region.

Legend’s content: The hero’s departure from Baghdad and his stay in Borno  According to the legend, Bayajidda was a prince from Baghdad (the capital of Iraq) and son of King Abdullahi, but he was exiled from his home town after Queen Zidam, also known as Zigawa, had conquered the city.Once  he left Baghdad, he traveled across Africa with numerous warriors and arrived in Borno.

Read Also: The Origin Of Hausa

Once in Borno, tales differ as to what caused tension with the local king. According to one story, Bayajidda realized his forces were stronger than those of the king; because of this, he planned to overthrow him. However, the king heard of the plot and, after consulting with his advisors, gave Bayajidda his daughter, Magaram (also known as Magira), in marriage. Later, when the king attacked and took over several towns, he tricked his new son-in-law into leaving his own men to guard the towns, thereby decreasing the number of men Bayajidda had at his disposal. Bayajidda realized that he was being tricked when he had only his wife and one slave left; during the night, they fled to Garun Gabas, now situated in the Hadeja region.While there, Magaram gave birth to Bayajidda’s first child, Biram, the eponymous ancestor of the petty kingdom of Gabas-ta-Biram (“east of Biram”).

However, according to another version of the story, Bayajidda was welcomed into Borno, married Magaram and became popular among the people. Because of this, the king envied him and plotted against him; upon being informed of this by his wife, he fled Borno with her.

Arrival in Daura and slaying of the serpent                                                    Bayajidda left his wife and child in Garun Gabas and continued on to the village of Gaya near Kano – which others believe to be Gaya in modern Niger -, where he had the local blacksmiths make him a knife.He then came to the town of Daura (located in modern day Katsina State), where he entered a house and asked an old woman for water. She informed him that a serpent named Sarki (sarki is the Hausa word for king) guarded the well and that the people were only allowed to draw water once a week. Bayajidda set out for the well and killed the serpent with the sword and beheaded it with the knife the blacksmiths had made for him, after which he drank the water, put the head in a bag, and returned to the old woman’s house.(The well where this is said to have happened is nowadays a tourist attraction.)

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The next day, the people of Daura gathered at the well, wondering who had killed the snake; Magajiya Daurama, the local queen, offered sovereignty over half the town to whoever could prove that he killed the snake. Several men brought snake heads forth, but the heads did not match the body. The old woman, owner of the house Bayajidda was staying in, informed the queen that her guest had slayed it, after which Daurama summoned Bayajidda. Having presented the snake’s head, proving to her that he was the one who had slain Sarki, he turned down the offer of half the town, instead requesting her hand in marriage; she married him out of gratitude for slaying the serpent.

Relationship with Magajiya Daurama                                                                Because it was against the custom of the people of Daura for their queens to marry, Daurama made a compromise with Bayajidda and said she would only have sexual intercourse with him later; because of this, she gave him a concubine named Bagwariya. (according to the oral palace version of the legend, Daurama gave him Bagwariya because she wanted to break her “queenly vow to remain a virgin,” but had to undergo rituals to do so.)

Bagwariya had a son fathered by Bayajidda and she named him Karap da Gari, or Karbagari which means “he snatched the town” in Hausa. This worried Daurama, and when she had a son of her own (also fathered by Bayajidda), she named him Bawo which means “give it back”.

Two groups of descendants                                                                                          Throughout his life, Bayajidda is said to have fathered three children with three different women.Bawo fathered six of his own sons, whose names were Daura, Gobir, Kano, Katsina, Rano, and Zaria (also known as Zazzau). Together with Biram, the son of Magaram, these seven went on to rule the seven “legitimate” Hausa states, the Hausa Bakwai. (Some versions of the tale leave Bawo and Magaram out entirely, with Biram, Daura, Gobir, Kano, Katsina, Rano, and Zaria being the sons of Bayajidda and Daurama). Karbagari’s descendants, meanwhile, founded the seven “illegitimate” states, the Banza Bakwai.

Source: Wikipedia

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Biography of Lateef Jakande

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Alhaji Lateef Kayode Jakande, (born 23 July 1929) was a journalist who became governor of Lagos State in Nigeria from 1979 to 1983, and later was Minister of Works under the Sani Abacha military regime (1993–98).

Background

Lateef Kayode Jakande was born in the Epetedo area of Lagos Island on 23 July 1929. He studied at the Lagos public school at Enu-Owa, Lagos Island, then at Bunham Memorial Methodist School, Port Harcourt (1934–43). He studied briefly at King’s College in 1943, and then enrolled at Ilesha Grammar School in 1945, where he edited a literary paper called The Quarterly Mirror.

In 1949 Jakande began a career in journalism first with the Daily Service and then in 1953 joining the Nigerian Tribune. In 1956 he was appointed editor-in-chief of the Tribune by the owner Chief Obafemi Awolowo. His editorials were factual and forthright, and were treated by the colonial powers with respect. After leaving the Tribune in 1975, Jakande established John West Publications and began to publish The Lagos News. He served as the first President of the Newspaper Proprietors Association of Nigeria (NPAN).

Later career

After the military take-over in 1983, Jakande was charged, prosecuted and convicted of treason, although later he was pardoned. After being freed, he accepted the position of Minister of Works under the Sani Abacha military regime, which earned him some criticism. He claimed that he had accepted the post under pressure from M. K. O. Abiola and other progressive leaders. In a later interview, he said he had no regrets about the decision to serve. However, his association with Abacha handicapped his career in politics after the restoration of democracy in 1999.

Alhaji Lateef Kayode Jakande became a senior member of All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) when the UNPP and APP merged. In June 2002, he was “suspended” by a faction of the ANPP loyal to Chief Lanre Razaq. Jakande was the first chairman of the Action Party of Nigeria (APN) when it was formed in November 2006. In May 2009, he was reported to be engaged a struggle for control of the party with his former ally, Dr. Adegbola Dominic.

His fame and influence soared rapidly within the political atmosphere, among captains of industries and he was also courted by people that influenced the political scene in Nigeria then as a suitable choice in politics. At the dawn of the Second Republic, he was encouraged to fully enter the political arena by his former employer and the late sage, Chief Obafemi Awolowo.However, due to Chief Awolowo’s overbearing influence on him, it was not surprising when he joined the Unity Party of Nigeria, UPN, to contest for election as the executive governor of Lagos State in 1979.

He won the election and was, therefore, elected to be the first executive governor of Lagos State. His administration was effective and typified by widespread openness that made his government to be described till date as an all-inclusive government that has ever existed in Lagos State.

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Jakande has almost every major landmark achievement in Lagos State to his credit with unrivalled records. He is perhaps the most accomplished governor in the state. He introduced housing and educational programmes that targeted the poor, built new neighbourhood primary and secondary schools and provided free primary and secondary education.

Also, among his numerous accomplishments that stand till date is the Lagos State University, a citadel that has become a fountain of knowledge that has produced stalwarts in different fields of human endeavours.Jakande’s government constructed over 20,000 housing units that gave a number of Lagosians the opportunity to own their own houses. The schools and housing units were built cheaply, but were of great value.

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A man of clear vision, he also started a metro line project to facilitate mass transit within the Lagos metropolis. This project, if allowed by the military government that ousted his administration, would have made the perennial traffic gridlock that characterises the state today none- existent. Much later, Alhaji Jakande continued to play vital roles in politics because he believes that it is only through quality government that the masses can have better life. Therefore, he became a senior member of All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) when the UNPP and APP merged. He was the first chairman of the Action Party of Nigeria (APN) when it was formed in November 2006.

He has also published several books, some of which are The Case for Lagos State; The trial of Obafemi Awolowo; The Problems and Prospects of Free Education and The Role of the Mass Media in a Developing Country.

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Sam Okwaraji’s Best Quotes and uncommon Picture

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In continuation of our celebration on the late Nigeria Football Legend,Sam Okwaraji.We  goes into its archives to bring you 25 memorable quotes by the soccer maestro and on the national hero;first curated by thecables.

We hope you enjoy them.

Football is always a war.

Nigerians are yet to see my best. This is just the beginning. You will see more of me very soon – Sam, after making his debut for Nigeria against Algeria at the Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium, Enugu in a Seoul Olympic Games’ qualifier.

Discipline wise, Hoener is good; physical-fitness training wise, Hoener good; technically, I think he’s average, maybe, because he’s young coach – SO on then Green Eagles coach, Manfred Hoener.

I know I am a good player. I am not afraid of football.

It was not the system that made us fail in Seoul. The system is not important and I don’t know why people attach so much importance to it. It is only good players that win matches – SO, on why Green Eagles failed at the ’88 Olympic Games.

Read Also:- 20 UNKNOWN FACTS ABOUT NIGERIA FOOTBALL LEGEND,SAM OKWARAJI

Some people want to sabotage me, otherwise, why on earth should they have made me play in a strange position? Moreover, just when I was adjusting to the game, I was substituted. I think there is some foul play somewhere – SO after a World Cup qualifier against Gabon in Enugu.

I am not boasting, but I think I am good enough to play for any club in any country of the world – SO.

I am a lawyer you know and signed to play football for certain conditions but I don’t think it included reselling my services to my country. You or your club cannot stop me from playing for my country. Let me tell you, I am going to represent my country whether you like it or not – SO tells SSV 1846 manager who tried to stop him from honouring a call from Nigeria.

Talents abound in Nigeria, but the only problem is how to encourage and guide them.

Whatever confidence I have in my goalkeeping career today, Sam was instrumental to it. I’ll be grateful to him forever – David Ngodigha, 1991.

He represented, for me, the new generation of midfield players with a very good foundation in football. Good techniques all around, great vision, impeccable style and finesse; and [he was] a true patriot – Segun Odegbami, 1989.

How could he just die like that? – Abiodun Idowu, 1989.

None of us apparently thought Sam would die like that, and that was why we continued the match with a settled mind. But when the news of his death reached us at the hotel, it shattered me personally – Samson Siasia, 1989.

I was lucky to be only shot and wounded then, but Okwaraji is dead and that is difficult to believe – Etim Esin recounts his ordeal two years earlier as he reflects on Sam’s death, 1989.

A patriot who never worried about what his country will give to him, but shed strength and sweat to the country’s glory – Sports Minister, Tonye Graham-Douglas, 1989.

If Sam was sick, Antwerp, which signed him on this year, would not have paid that much money ($450,000) for his release from his former club, Eintracht Frankfurt. White men are very thorough when it comes to things like these – Patrick Okwaraji, Sam’s brother, 1989.

Adieu Samson: the nation misses you; football fans miss you; your colleagues will miss you. May your football soul rest in perfect peace. Hero Okwaraji. – Frank Ilaboya, 1989.

The whole occurrence has been a great shock to me. A great shock indeed – Ademola Adeshina, 1989.

You just dazzled us with your performance and before we could even have the chance to say thank you, you were gone – Sunny Obazu-Ojeagbase, 1989.

Sam had a tremendous drive of patriotism and commitment to football, despite having had two law degrees (LLB and LLM) – John Obakpolor, 1990.

Read Also: EYE WITNESS ACCOUNT HOW SAM OKWARAJI DIED

To me, it seems he had gone back to Belgium and will soon return – Bala Ali, 1990.

Sam was a very social person, talented as a footballer and a motivator on the field of play – Christian Obi, 1990.

My wearing the No. 6 jersey at the Algiers ’90 tourney was as instruction from the coaches. There’s nothing bad in wearing a hero’s jersey. Beside, while in camp, Sam and I contested for the same role and I think he was far better than me, even though I tried my best – Thompson Oliha on Sam’s Jersey No. 6.

He told me back then that he had three ambitions in life and these were to play professional football abroad, obtain a doctorate degree in law and play for the Super Eagles. He actually achieved each and every one of these things before he died – Meinkeme Fekete, coach, Bayelsa United, the man who discovered Sam Okwaraji, 2007

Source :TheCable

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Biography of Crispin Adeniyi-Jones

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Adeniyi-Jones Curtis Crispin was a colonial era parliamentarian, nationalist and medical doctor who was an outspoken critic of the colonial government. Curtis Crispin Adeniyi-Jones was born at Waterloo in Freetown, Sierra Leone, of Yoruba parents of the Creole community in 1876. After a secondary education at Sierra Leone Grammar School, he went to the United Kingdom where he qualified as a physician and to the University of Dublin, Ireland where in 1901 he obtained the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree. After acquiring prestigious working experiences in Dublin he resumed work in 1904 in his native country as a government medical officer. With the newly launched Lunatic asylum policy of the Southern Provinces of Nigeria, Adeniyi-Jones became the first director of the Yaba Asylum in 1906.

Adeniyi-Jones was an honorary patron of the Nigerian Progressive Union formed in 1924 with an early objective to develop educational facilities in Nigeria in co-operation with the government and missionary bodies. This organization marked a transition between joint African unionism and the more focused West African Students’ Union which was formed a year after its own foundation. Earlier in 1923, he had joined Herbert Macaulay and Eric Moore in forming the Nigeria National Democratic Party, the platform with which he won one of the three Lagos seats in the Legislative Council. Adeniyi-Jones replaced Joseph Egerton Shyngle as chairman of the party in 1926 when the lawyer died. As simultaneous chairman of Nigerian Mercantile Bank and the Nigerian National Democratic Party, he had been in the forefront in demanding changes in the functioning of the colonial economic system by expanding economic opportunities for Africans, including the establishment of indigenous banks.

Read Also:- The rise and fall of the great Sokoto caliphate

From 1926, Adeniyi-Jones was elected as one of the three elected members of the Lagos Legislative Council and continuously won election on the platform of the NNDP. During his 15-year membership of the Legislative Council he was the most militantly critical member; and his tornado of questions covered a wide range of topics such as a request for the names, designation, and departments of Africans who had been appointed or promoted to the European posts. He had himself suffered in the past with a British policy adopted which relegated many Nigerian doctors including him to junior ranks in the colonial medical service.

Experiments in economic development

Adeniyi-Jones played an important role as a financier and president of a few companies formed in the late 1920s and 1930s. He was president of the Nigeria Mercantile Bank and was a major financier of the West African Co-operative Producers Limited. Both companies were part of an ambitious economic program, to create an elevated standing for indigenous Africans within the British Empire. Prior to the twentieth century, the major economic activity of indigenous Nigerian groups where largely sheltered from the global economy. But with emergence of a colonial economic system in West Africa, problems affecting African producers began to emerge. A major plan of action to contain and eliminate the problems was made by Winifried Tete-Ansa, a Krobo man from the National Congress of British West Africa, a major political party in Ghana. He was a man well versed in the rudiments of the global economic institutions. The plan of action was to create African co-operatives to become commanding business institutions in colonial Africa. Some of the companies founded were the West African Co-operative Producers, partly financed by Adeniyi-Jones and the Nigeria Mercantile bank chaired by Adeniyi-Jones. Both ventures failed to reach the founders dream but laid a strong foundation for other ventures. Akinola Maja, T.A. Doherty and H.A. Subair, all directors of the bank later left to form the National bank of Nigeria, the first successful indigenous bank in British West Africa.

Adeniyi-Jones, the gifted speaker, died in 1957. A Street in Ikeja, Lagos is named after him.

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