Connect with us

HiztoryBox Exclusive

ENDSARS I Meet the First Victim of Police Brutality In Nigeria



Mr. Adekunle Adepeju was the first Nigeria Victim of Police Brutality. A second-year Agric. Undergraduate student of the Universityof Ibadan, who was shot dead by the Police on Monday February 1 1971, during a police student riot at the University of Ibadan. Some others were wounded.
The genesis of the protest started with Students protesting for the de-humanizing feeding and welfare conditions of Zik’s Hall in particular, and the entire campus in general.

Read About Nigeria Various Culture and Traditions

Then the Vice-chancellor had to invited the police to help contain the students action which begun on Saturday January 30, 1971. When a major confrontation ensued.

Today February 1, every year is now observed as lecture-free day among the universities nation-wide as Adepeju day.

Read More Nigeria Biographies

Drop Your Comments Below


The Celebration Story of FESTAC ’77



The Second World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture, popularly known as FESTAC ’77, was a boisterous cultural celebration which took place in Lagos, Nigeria, from January 15 1977 to February 12 1977.

FESTAC ’77 celebrated the cultures and traditions of Africa and as well presented African artworks, literature, religion and music to the world. The history of FESTAC is traced back to the 1940s when certain ideas were developed on Pan-Africanism and Negritude by Senegalese president Leopold Sedar Senghor, Aime Cesaire and others.

FESTAC ’77 was the largest pan-African gathering as at the period it was held. Nigeria was called upon to host the second Festac festival after the end of the first one which was held in Dakar, Senegal from 1st to 24th of April, 1966. The festival was to take place in 1970, but due to the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970), it was postponed to 1977.

FESTAC ’77 was attended by about 17,000 people from 56 nations. The festival paved way for the construction of Festac Town and the National Theatre in Lagos. The Nigerian government built Festac Town to accommodate the 17,000 and above participants. The main reason Festac Town was built was to cut the accommodation problem and pressure Lagos was likely to face during the festival.

The festival commenced at 9 a.m on the 15th of January, 1977. The opening ceremony took place inside the National Stadium, Surulere, Lagos, where many participants held a parade to welcome visiting dignitaries and the Nigerian Head of State, Olusegun Obasanjo.

FESTAC ’77 has the royal Benin ivory mask of Queen Idia as its emblem. A Sango priest entertained the crowd by setting the festival bowl aflame and a thousand Pigeons were released to signify the liberation and oneness of the Black nations.

Several dramas and musical shows were staged at the Tafawa Balewa Square in the afternoons and evenings. Musicians like South African Miriam Makeba, Stevie Wonder, Louis Moholo, Sun Ra Arkestra and many more rocked musical concerts and sent their fans dancing wild.

Attending countries exhibited their artworks at the National Theatre, at the Nigerian National Museum and some other places around the Tafawa Balewa Square.

“At the Square, each country represented at the festival was given a booth to exhibit their paintings, musical instruments, woven cloths, books and art objects. Some other notable exhibitions that took place were Africa and the Origin of Man, which was held at the National Theatre, and Ekpo Eyo’s 2000 Years of Nigerian Art, which included Nok terracottas, Benin court art, Igbo Ukwu, Ife and Tsoede bronzes and art objects“.

Another exhilarating event at the festival was the boat regatta held at the Queen’s Drive Foreshore in Ikoyi, Lagos, which lasted for three days. The participants of the boat regatta were mainly from Nigeria. More than 250 boats carrying acrobats, masquerades and singers displayed at the occasion.

FESTAC ’77 participants also attended the Dubar festival in Kaduna which lasted for three days. There was a gallant display of horse riding, masquerading, Kakaki trumpeting and many more.

List of countries that attended FESTAC ’77

Kenya, Zaire, Congo, Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, Mauritius, Niger, Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, Egypt, Malagasy, Mauritania, Botswana, Lesotho, Chad, Central Africa, Upper Volta, Morocco, Angola, Senegal, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Ghana, Libya, Zambia, Togo, Guinea-Bissau, Sudan, Algeria, Mali, Sierra Leone, Tunisia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Tanzania, Uganda and Gambia. Some South American countries were also present at the festival, e.g Guyana, Cuba, Haiti, Brazil. Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados and so on represented the Caribbean. The United States of America also sent their representatives from different countries.

An anthem was written for FESTAC ’77 by Margaret Walker from Alabama, USA, while the music was produced by Akin Euba from Nigeria. Below is the lyrics of the anthem titled, For My People.

FESTAC ’77 Anthem

  1. Let a new earth arise
    Let another world be born
    Let a bloody peace
    Be written in the sky.
    Refrain: Festac 77 is here
  2. Let a second generation
    Full of courage issue forth
    Let a people loving freedom
    Come to growth
    Refrain: Festac 77 is here
  3. Let a beauty full of healing
    And strength of final clenching
    be the pulsing in our spirits
    And our blood
    Refrain: Festac 77 is here
  4. Let the martial songs be written
    Let the dirges disappear
    Let the race of men now rise
    And take control
    Refrain: Festac 77 is here

FESTAC ’77 will forever remain a remarkable celebration in the history of Nigeria.

Source :- Oldnaija

Drop Your Comments Below

Continue Reading

HiztoryBox Exclusive

Babatunde Folorunsho was the first Nigerian Armed Robber Killed Publicily



Mr Babatunde Folorunsho was killed alongside Joseph Ilobo and Williams Alders Oyazimo publicly in Bar Beach, Lagos.

Babatunde Folorunsho was a chronic armed robber and a hardened criminal who threatened the peace and security of Nigerians in the 1970’s with his group of bandits. He reigned almost the same time as the kingpin of Nigerian armed robbers, Ishola Oyenusi also known as Doctor rob and kill.

Babatunde Folorunsho was nicknamed ‘Baba oni lace‘ (Mr. Lace) because of his strong love for lace outfits which he even wore during robbery operations. During his reign, he topped the list of the most wanted criminals in Nigeria. He was chased and hunted by the Nigerian police and local guards but all to no avail. During this time, crime rate in the country was at its peak in the country as a result of the civil war that had just ended.

Babatunde Folorunsho aka ‘Baba oni lace‘ (Mr. Lace) seemed invincible but unfortunately for him, he was caught by the police during a robbery operation on a fateful day in 1971.

He was charged with robbing one Mr. Alfred Marshall of a car. The whole nation was in jubilation as he was caught by the law.

Get Daily historical Update with Today In History

Mr Williams Alders Oyazimo’s Last Moment.

On the 8th and 13th of April, 1971, Mr Babatunde Folorunsho was tried and found guilty of highway robbery. The judge, James Agboola Ojomo, sentenced him to death by firing squad.

24th of July, 1971. Thousands of Nigerians rushed to the popular Bar Beach in Lagos where the execution of Babatunde Folorunsho, Joseph Ilobo and Williams Alders was to take place. That was the first of its kind in Country.’

There was anxiety and excitement in the crowd as a lorry conveying the robbers landed at the execution ground,Bar Beach.The robbers were in chains as they walked to the stakes , Mr Babatunde Folorunsho popularly known as ‘Baba oni lace‘ was dressed in lace . Mr Joseph Ilobo didn’t accept fate easily unlike Folorunsho, he protested till his last moment.


At a point execution, Joseph Ilobo looked at the crowd and said, “are all these people here to see me die? Ah! This is a wicked world. I have not committed any crime.” Mr Williams Alders Oyazimo was a sub-lieutenant in the Nigerian Navy. He protested his innocence in tears. He said, “if you search your conscience, you will know that a naval officer of my status will never go in the dead of the night to steal. I’ll die today, innocent of the crime for which I am condemned.”

Military chaplain, Col. Pedro Martins approached the robbers and asked them to pray for forgiveness but he said, “Father, I am innocent. My blood will cleanse my family and my children will prosper.” Oyazimo’s last words touched Nigerians. It was such a pathetic moment.

Source : Nairaland

Drop Your Comments Below

Continue Reading


Biography of Olu Falae



Samuel Oluyemisi Falae (born September 21, 1938), simply known as Olu Falae, is a Nigerian politician from Akure, Ondo State. A Yale University-trained banker, he served as the Federal Minister of Finance in the military regime of Ibrahim Babangida in the late 1980s and early 1990s.He was secretary to the military government of Ibrahim Babangida from January 1986 to December 1990, and was briefly the Finance Minister in 1990. He ran for president in Nigeria’s Third and Fourth republics.

Falae was a prominent member of the National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) during the quest for the restoration of democracy in Nigeria. He unsuccessfully contested the 1999 Nigerian presidential elections on the joint platform of the Alliance for Democracy (AD) and the All People’s Party (APP) against Olusegun Obasanjo, the presidential candidate for the People’s Democratic Party (PDP).

Read About Nigeria Various Culture and Traditions

Falae’s foray into politics started during the Third Republic. Babangida had banned ‘old breed’ politicians, who were mostly people who had held elective office in the past such as Bola Ige and Lateef Jakande. Falae soon became the candidate of choice for followers of Awolowo and some progressives within the Social Democratic Party. He contested for the post but lost to Shehu Musa Yar’Adua before the elections were cancelled. He later threw his support and organization towards actualizing the presidential ambition of MKO Abiola.

In the mid 1990s, following the cancellation of the June 12, 1993 and the coming to power of a new military government, Falae became a prominent member of the National Democratic Coalition during the quest for the restoration of democracy in Nigeria. Falae was jailed by the military government of Sani Abacha, but was released in June 1998 after Abacha’s death. He unsuccessfully contested the 1999 Nigerian presidential elections on the joint platform of the Alliance for Democracy and the All People’s Party against Olusegun Obasanjo, the presidential candidate for the People’s Democratic Party.

A Yoruba Christian, he swept the southwest, the Yoruba heartland, but proved unable to attract significant support elsewhere. Since then the Oloye Falae has lived in semi-retirement as a large scale farmer in Ago Abo, Akure. He was given the national honour of Commander of the Federal Republic in 2008. As of 2008, Falae is the pro tem Chairman of the Democratic Peoples Alliance, a progressive party allied with the All Progressives Grand Alliance.

Read More Nigeria Biographies

On the 21st of September, 2015, Chief Olu Falae was kidnapped on his farm on his 77th birthday, with the kidnappers demanding 100 million Naira ($500,000) as a ransom for his release. He was ultimately released on the 24th of September, 2015, after the payment of the ransom and returned to his home in Akure.

Drop Your Comments Below

Continue Reading