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Biography of Dele Giwa

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Dele Giwa was a Journalist, editor in Nigerian and originator of Newswatch magazine.
Sumonu Oladele “Baines” Giwa was born on 16 March 1947 to a family serving in the palace of Oba Adesoji Aderemi, the Ooni of Ife. He studied at Local Authority Modern School in Lagere, Ile-lfe. When his father relocated to Oduduwa College, Ile-Ife as a laundryman, he gained entrance to that school.

Dele Giwa travelled to the USA for his higher education, earning a BA in English from Brooklyn College in 1977 and enlisted for a Graduate program at Fordham University. He operated with the New York Times as a news assistant for four years after which he relocated to Nigeria to work with Daily Times.

Dele Giwa and fellow journalists Ray Ekpu, Dan Agbese and Yakubu Mohammed founded Newswatch in 1984, and the first edition was circulated on 28 January 1985. A 1989 summary of the magazine said it “changed the format of print journalism in Nigeria [and] introduced bold, investigative formats to news reporting in Nigeria”. However, in the first few months of the government of General Ibrahim Babangida, who took power in August 1985, the magazine was shamelessly favourable. It wrote his face on the cover four times and even analyzed “anyone who attempted to make life unpleasant for Babangida”. Later, the paper took a more hostile view of the Babangida regime.
Personal life.

Giwa married an American nurse in 1974. His second marriage, to Florence Ita Giwa, lasted ten months. He later got married to Olufunmilayo Olaniyan on 10 July 1984, and they were married until his death in 1986. He was survived by his mother, wives and children.

Assassination

Dele Giwa was killed by a mail bomb in his Lagos home on 19 October 1986. The murder happened two days after he had been interrogated by State Security Service (SSS) officials. In an off-the-record interview with airport reporters, Lt. Col. A.K. Togun, the Deputy Director of the SSS had claimed that on 9 October Dele Giwa and Alex Ibru had organised a media parley for media executives and the newly created SSS. Togun contended that it was at this meeting that the SSS and the media officials reached secret censorship compliance. Under this understanding, the media was to report any story with the potential to embarrass the government to the SSS before they tried to publish same.
On twenty October, the day after the bombing, the government convened a press conference presided over by Augustus Aikhomu. Before the press conference started, all press photographers, foreign journalists, and Nigerians that worked for international news media were ordered out. Those left behind were told that the briefing was “off the record” and Aikhomu would not be entertaining any questions.

Aikhomu then moved on to ask Ismaila Gwarzo, the Director of the SSS and Haliru Akilu to render their sayings about what had happened between Dele Giwa and their agencies in the recent past. Gwarzo confirmed that the SSS had invited Giwa for interrogation over allegations of gun running. Akilu on his part proved that he had called Giwa’s home on 18 October to ask for directions to the house so he could stop over to see Giwa while on his way to Kano through Ikeja airport.

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Biography of Soji Apampa

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Soji Apampa co-founded The Convention on Business Integrity in 1997. He is a Governance Consultant/Executive Director for both INTEGRITY and The Convention on Business Integrity. Mr. Apampa has served as a Senior Advisor to the UN Global Compact on the 10th Principle (anti-corruption) and consultant to the Inter-Agency Task Team of the Federal Republic of Nigeria tasked with the responsibility of developing a National Strategy to Combat Corruption.

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In his role as governance consultant, Mr. Apampa has carried out numerous assignments for various International Organizations including the World Bank, DFID, UN Global Compact, Heinrich Boell Foundation and many others. Mr. Apampa has also worked in various roles in engineering, business and computing between 1987 and 2007. He was Managing Director of SAP Nigeria Ltd, and Regional Manager (West Africa), for SAP where he worked for 8 years since early 1999 championing ICT-supported governance reforms.

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Mr. Apampa graduated with a B.Eng (Hons) in Civil & Structural Engineering from the University of Sheffield in 1987 and holds an MSc. in Governance & Finance from Liverpool John Moores University (2008) where he was member of faculty on the Corporate Governance Masters Programme at the European Center for Corporate Governance for one year. His research interests are in the area of Corporate Compliance and Political Economy Analyses in which he has led numerous, successful research projects.

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Biography of Benjamin Adekunle

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Adekunle was born in Kaduna. His father was a native of Ogbomosho, while his mother was a member of the Bachama tribe. He underwent secondary education at the government college, Okene (in present day Kogi State). He enlisted in the Nigerian Army in 1958 shortly after completing his school certificate examinations. He passed the army selection examinations and thereafter was despatched to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the UK, the British Army’s initial officer entry academy. He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant on December 15, 1960. As a platoon commander, he served in Kasai Province of Congo with the 1st Battalion, Queen’s Own Nigeria Regiment during his first ONUC UN peace keeping tour of duty. In 1962, Lt. Adekunle became Aide-de-Camp to the governor of the eastern region, Sir Akanu Ibiam. The following year, as a Captain, he was posted back to the Congo as Staff Captain (A) to the Nigerian Brigade HQ at Luluabourg – under Brigadier B. Ogundipe. In 1964, Major Adekunle attended the Defence Services Staff College at Wellington, in India. When he returned he was briefly appointed Adjutant General at the Army Headquarters in May 1965 to replace Lt. Col. Yakubu Gowon, who was proceeding on a course outside the country. However, he later handed over the position to Lt. Col. James Pam and was posted back to his old Battalion (1st Bn) in Enugu as a Company Commander.

Nigerian Civil War

Adekunle later assumed command of the Lagos Garrison as a substantive Lt. Col. When the Nigerian Civil War erupted in July 1967, Adekunle was tasked to lead elements which included two new battalions (7th and 8th) – to conduct the historic sea borne assault on Bonny in the Bight of Benin on 26 July 1968 (carried out by Major Isaac Adaka Boro’s unit). This happened after the federal government gained confidence of most south western ethnic groups as a direct result of Biafran push to mid-west state and probe into Western region. Adekunle was promoted to Colonel after the Bonny landing.

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The 6th (under Major Jalo) and 8th (under Major Ochefu) battalions of the Lagos Garrison subsequently took part in operations to liberate the Midwest following the Biafran invasion of August 1967. The 7th (under Major Abubakar) stayed behind to hold Bonny. Because Major Jalo’s outfit was seconded to Lt. Col. Murtala Mohammed‘s 2nd Division, Adekunle was left with only the 8th Battalion at Escravos. He, therefore, protested to Army HQ and got the Lagos garrison upgraded to Brigade status through the creation of the 31 and 32 Battalions (under Majors Aliyu and Hamman, respectively). This formation, combined with elements of the Lagos garrison along the eastern seaboard, was officially designated the 3 Infantry Division.

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However, Colonel Adekunle did not think the name “3 Infantry Division” was sensational enough nor did it project the nature of the unique terrain in which his men had to fight. Therefore, without formal approval from Army HQ, he renamed it the ” 3 Marine Commando (3MCDO).” The “Black Scorpion” as he came to be known, was easily the most controversial, celebrated and mythologized figure in the war of attrition that laid the foundations for Nigeria’s contemporary crisis; and threw a wedge into the national fabric. Benjamin “Adekunle’s boys in the Midwest seized Escravos, Burutu, Urhonigbe, Owa and Aladima. They captured Bomadi and Patani, Youngtown, Koko, Sapele, Ajagbodudu, Warri, Ughelli, Orerokpe, Umutu and Itagba.

Role after the civil war

Benjamin Adekunle was promoted to Brigadier-General in 1972. After the war Adekunle was put in charge of decongesting the Lagos port that was having a chronic problem of clearing imported goods. He held this position until being put on compulsory retirement. On August 20, 1974, he was compulsorily retired from the Army.

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He attributed his problems during and after the war to his rivals in the army. In various interviews, he said there was always a rumor of coup linked to him until the army authority felt the concern to do something about it. He had large followings in both the army and public at large and was the most popular military commander during the war, apart from Obasanjo, who succeeded him and brought the war to an end with the same 3MC.

Adekunle led the Third Marine Commando Division with such great panache and determination that the foreign media, in looking for a human angle on the Biafran war, found him a ready source of news. He was a key champion of the food blockade to Biafra. In a wartime interview he had with Randolph Baumann of Stern Magazine in Igweocha (published on August 18, 1968), he stated.

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Biograghy of Rashidi Adewolu Ladoja

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Rashidi Adewolu Ladoja (born 25 September 1944) is a businessman who became governor of Oyo State in Nigeria on 29 May 2003 as a member of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). He was impeached in January 2006, but reinstated in December 2006. His term ended in 2007, and in 2008 he was charged with corruption during his period in office.

Early life

Rashidi Adewolu Ladoja was born on 25 September 1944 in Gambari village near Ibadan. He attended Ibadan Boys High School (1958–1963) and Olivet Baptist High School (1964–1965). He studied at the University of Liège, Belgium (1966–1972) where he earned a degree in Chemical Engineering. He obtained a job with Total Nigeria, an oil company, where he worked for 13 years in various positions before entering private business in 1985. His business interests include Shipping, Manufacturing, Banking, Agriculture and Transportation. He was elected to the Senate of Nigeria in 1993 during the short-lived Nigerian Third Republic. By 2000, Ladoja had become a director of Standard Trust Bank Limited.

Later career

On 28 August 2008, Ladoja was arrested by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) over allegations of non-remittance of the proceeds of sale of government shares totaling N1.9 billion during his administration. He was briefly remanded in prison by the Federal High Court in Lagos on 30 August 2008. He was granted bail on 5 September in the amount of 100 million naira with two sureties for the same sum. In March 2009, a former aide testified on the way on which the share money had been divided between Ladoja’s family, bodyguard, senior politicians and lawyers.

In November 2009, Ladoja tried to persuade the local government chairmen sacked by his successor to withdraw a legal action they had started over their dismissal. This was said to be an attempt to make a deal that would result in a reduction of Ladoja’s sentence. However, 17 of the chairmen refused to withdraw their suit, saying “justice must be done”. Ladoja is currently the governorship candidate for Accord party in Oyo State; he is set to challenge the incumbent governor, Adebayo Alao Akala.

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